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Exploring Potential Challenges and Solutions for Implementing STEM Education in primary schools – A case study of Hong Kong Local Primary School General Science Course
Ge Hui Wu, Khe Foon Hew

Last modified: 2018-04-23


In recent years, there has been an increasing interest in STEM Education (Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics) among many schools around the world. The Hong Kong government, Education Bureau and all primary and secondary schools have been actively promoting STEM Education into classroom implementation. However, there are still a lot of practical problems in the implementation of STEM education into teaching and learning.

In this paper, we employ qualitative method case study to explore the potential challenges and provide suggestions in a Hong Kong Local primary school General Science course. Data sources for this study included observations of the co-planning STEM sessions with the primary school teachers, actual classroom lesson observations, as well as student interview and teacher debriefing in the Primary Four general science classroom. In view of the problems and challenges found in the implementation of STEM Education, this paper will also suggest some possible solutions to address these challenges. The findings in this study will provide useful practical guidelines for primary schools to implement STEM education.